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Human, migration and new world 

written by Elena Kenderešová 2016-10-29


Human, migration and new world 


1 Introduction


The reasons for migration are varied from time immemorial. The very process of "migration" is based on human nature, which may include two positions. If our world was an ideal place people would need to change their own homes. Their belief in the change of residence would be based directly on the need of novelty (personal reasons). Todays nature of the world, marked by the humanitarian crisis in Syria, is under the influence of the continuing armed conflicts in it, one of the most problematic areas for life of all generations and in general for the future of Syria and undoubtedly Europe. The escalation of the conflict has not only resulted in the increase in migratory flows into the European region, but is the very trigger of unrest in recipient countries. The presence of terrorist groups in Syria, the insuitability and the inadequacy of living conditions for a dignified life, fear and poverty are the root cause of the current European situation. Opposed to consequences with which we are familiar, we do not know the solution. Endangerment of life is its elementary root cause. On the other hand, the European Union has only a small contribution  to a diplomatic settlement of the conflict, even if it is affected by the direct result. Each step on the part of the persons involved in the conflict conceals its own interests as well. Maintaining of the influence in the region and geostrategic interest under the influence of energy concerns in the region are in a relationship of allies and (not)allies just right concealed objective of economic and military persons involved. The very nature of the conflict is problematic also because we can not talk in this conflict locally, but on a global (international) level. On one hand there is a struggle, linked to the religion and on the other hand there is a political struggle. The radical aspect of the conflict has virtually denied the fundamental human rights conferred to individuals fleeing from the country. Current alliances are more of a short term nature and are not realistic in a long term. Even the position of refugees is in the long terms very complicated. Each new "immigrant" is conceived as a danger in terms of the domestic population. This perspective generates new forms of prejudice, but starting from the current situation is not completely unfounded (terrorist attacks). The very element of religion has a substantial lead in this context. Arab States devoted to their religion radically decline to change. Conversion to another religion is punishable by death for them. Unwillingness to accept other religion has very strict rules in Islamic culture. The creation of these rigid dividing line between the often dogmatic beliefs that are considered to be owners of the truth, is not the last word in the world history and may result in large global disruption.


2 Migration as a global threat


The issue of migration in Europe in today′s terms gets into the awareness of people rather in a negative sense. On one hand it is caused by the problems that migration brings, on the other hand it is related to the well-founded fear of migratory pressure. To understand migration processes also means to understand their historical aspects across their line of development marked by nowadays threats. 

The human existence can be characterized from the aspect of its development, starting with the birth of an individual′s life until his death. From this perspective, we can say that "Homo sapiens" is in its time interface as old as "Homo migrans“. The existence and human life in all its conditions (economic, cultural and social) is formed by a response called "migration" which is essentially a significant social process. However, it is important to distinguish the other side of this process consisting of the forced migration and escapes. In general, we include the history of migration into the general history generating its own part. Each history, European as well, is marked by the element of volatility and periodization, which are formed by certain historical events. The actual historical reality in its complex and contrastive level is still a hot topic not only for historians, but also for theoreticians and practitioners. Just like from time immemorial there has been a movement of people, the crossing of borders and pushing the envelope has been petering out from time immemorial. Each migration flow respectively each migratory behavior has different elements of continuity and stagnation, is mutualy influenced at certain stages and is marked by a certain degree of abstraction (Bade, 2005, p. 7–8).

If we want to understand the migration correctly we need to bring the basic definition of migration, which is provided by the leading inter-governmental international organization IOM (International Organisation for Migration) - migration is "a movement of a person or group of persons from one geographical unit to another across an administrative or political boundary in order to settle down permanently or temporarily at a location different than the place of origin of the person". (Divinský, 2005, p. 17) This definition can imply also a positive sign of healthy nations in the world, continuing to the rise of civilizations in the context of population growth when crossing borders. If the population was greatly reducing, it was attributed to the considerable comedown of the nation and civilization. Nowadays the situation is entirely different. The world is facing new global challenges which are bearing new security risks for the preservation of a decent life. The thesis are also emerging, stating that "Europe begins to die off" due to stagnation in the reproduction in European nations, despite the fact that the population of the world doubled in the last forty years. All these reasons may act in the subconscious of people as the triggers of new era of panic and foreboding of novelty and otherness (Buchanan, 2004, p. 33–34). If we assume that the quantity is at its base linked to the concept of borders and last but not least to the rates, we could wrongly affirm that all the interhuman and personal relations claused by cultural and especially moral aspect are based on that quantity. Importance should be given primarily to the relations between values ​​in the system and the community. If there is a change within the frame of the value system of a person, it affects the boundaries of tolerance and intolerance of people to something or someone else. Change occurs in attitudes, opinions, actions and behavior. Relations expressing tolerance and also intolerance of a human to another human being can be read only under certain formal values. Most often the boundaries of tolerance are determined by the actual content of the value. The subjectivity and flexibility are typical features of the value limits which are derived from the objective possibilities and the logic of demarcation. Prohibition of racism is based on respecting the fundamental human rights and freedoms and it is present despite the enforcement of universalism and liberty of speech (Seiler, Seilerová, 1997, p. 58–61). Even "if all mankind was unanimous, and only one person had a different opinion, mankind would not have a right to silence him, as well as the proponent of this view would not have that right, if he have had the necessary power". (Mill, 1995, p. 22) Mill bears witness to the fact that there must be a margin of tolerance, not only in relation to other views, but that when tolerance is reflected in respecting of attitudes, it is also reflected in the stage of a man and respecting of his human dignity based on his nature. /be continued/



/Author: Mgr. Elena Kenderešová, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice, Faculty of Arts, Department of Political Science/



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